Sea freeze plus the balance from northern and you can northeast Greenland drifting glaciers

Sea freeze plus the balance from northern and you can northeast Greenland drifting glaciers

The fresh new communication ranging from sea ice and you will glaciers has been learned to own brand new floating tongue out-of Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden glacier, northeast Greenland (79°30’N, 22° W). Advice of glacial geological studies, journey profile, aerial photo and you may satellite pictures is used so you can document the brand new glacier front reputation and you may fast-freeze criteria to your millennial to help you decadal big date-balances. The studies signify the soundness of floating glacier margin is dependent on the existence of a protecting fast-freeze protection prior to the glacier. For the episodes which have a long-term quick-freeze safety, no calving happens, however, immediately after quick-ice split-up the glacier reacts that have a massive calving craft, for which several years of amassed glacier-frost flux abruptly trips away. Climate-caused changes out-of sea-freeze requirements on the Snowy Water which have seasonal split-right up of near-coastline timely frost can lead to disintegration of the drifting glaciers. The current prominent mass losings of the base melting perform after that in order to a giant the amount be used over by the grounding-range calving of icebergs. Nearby increase regarding fresh water throughout the north Greenland glaciers into ocean might possibly be less and the local iceberg production would raise.


Submarine and you can satellite-dependent findings tell you a life threatening reduced total of the total amount and occurrence out of the newest Cold water-ice safeguards during the last 20?30 years ( Source Johannessen, Shalina and you can Kilometers Johannessen, 1999). When the continued, this might bring about a significantly different frost-ocean-conditions routine from the Cold, of the changing temperature and you may size transfers plus sea stratification. This may influence the glaciation of one’s land elements up against the newest Snowy waters on account of transform off accumulated snow buildup and you will/otherwise skin melting. Although not, alter of your near-shore sea-freeze standards could have a much deeper affect the brand new land-built glaciations. Punctual frost was at expose preferred along the rim of one’s Arctic Water. Regarding serious weather from north and northeast Greenland, prompt ice could possibly get establish so you’re able to a considerable density and you will cut off entry away from fjords having s Wadhams, 1981), affecting the newest size harmony of your glaciers in the region. At this time, of many outlet glaciers regarding the northern and you may northeast Greenland groups regarding the fresh new Greenland ice-sheet (inland freeze) are described as lengthened drifting parts. The fresh new semi-permanent ocean-ice coverage seems to manage the newest drifting glacier tongues and you will suppress him or her off disintegrating. The big mass loss regarding the glaciers is via intensive bottom melting averaging several yards regarding frost a year ( Reference Rignot, Gogineni, Krabill and Ekholm Rignot and others, 1997; Reference Thomsen Thomsen while some, 1997; Resource Reeh, Mayer, Miller, Thomsen and Weidick Reeh while others, 1999a). The resulting new-water-supply towards water most likely performs an important role from inside the keeping the newest partial-long lasting fast-frost coverage in front of the glaciers ( Source Mayer, Reeh, Jung-Rothenhausler, Huybrechts and you can Oerter ).

Right now, losing of the calving in the form of split-right up of the front a portion of the glaciers into the kilometre-size of tabular frost countries certain 10s regarding yards thicker comprises simply half the full mass loss. The fresh frost countries float away from the glacier fronts as long as nearby water frost trips right up, an unusual enjoy and that significantly less than establish weather takes place during the menstruation all the way to multiple ages ( Reference Higgins Higgins 1989, Resource Higgins 1991).

Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden Glacier

Correspondence ranging from glaciers and sea frost could have been analyzed during the Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden glacier, northeast Greenland (79°30’N, 22° W). Brand new glacier is approximately 80 kilometres enough time and you can 21 km broad halfway off the size, broadening so you’re able to from the 29 km in the main ice top. A north branch of one’s glacier, 8 km wide, drainage towards fjord Dijmphna Sund to the west of Hovgaard 0 (Fig. 1). The outer ? 6 0 kilometer of one’s glacier try afloat, which have an effective grounding region close to the Greenland ice sheet near the brand new western department of your ice-dammed river Blaso (Fig. 1).

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